人教版高二英语必修3 Unit1 Festivals around the world听力Mp3
  • Unit 1 Festivals around the world-Reading
  • FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS
  • Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere since ancient times.
  • Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of cold weather,
  • planting in spring and harvest in autumn.
  • Sometimes celebrations would be held after hunters had caught animals.
  • At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find,
  • especially during the cold winter months.
  • Today's festivals have many origins,
  • some religious,
  • some seasonal,
  • and some for special people or events.
  • Festivals of the Dead
  • Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors,
  • who might return either to help or to do harm.
  • For the Japanese festival Obon,
  • people should go to clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.
  • They also light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth.
  • In Mexico,
  • people celebrate the Day of the Dead in early November.
  • On this important feast day,
  • people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with "bones" on them.
  • They offer food,
  • flowers and gifts to the dead.
  • The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people.
  • It is now a children's festival,
  • when they can dress up and go to their neighbours' homes to ask for sweets.
  • If the neighbours do not give any sweets,
  • the children might play a trick on them.
  • Festivals to Honour People
  • Festivals can also be held to honour famous people.
  • The Dragon Boat Festival in China honours the famous ancient poet,
  • Qu Yuan.
  • In the USA,
  • Columbus Day is in memory of the arrival of Christopher Columbus in the New World.
  • India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi,
  • the leader who helped gain India's independence from Britain.
  • Harvest Festivals
  • Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events.
  • People are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter and the agricultural work is over.
  • In European ountries,
  • people will usually decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit,
  • and will get together to have meals.
  • Some people might win awards for their farm produce,
  • like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster.
  • China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals,
  • when people admire the moon and in China,
  • enjoy mooncakes.
  • Spring Festivals
  • The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.
  • At the Spring Festival in China,
  • people eat dumplings,
  • fish and meat and may give children lucky money in red paper.
  • There are dragon dances and carnivals,
  • and families celebrate the Lunar New Year together.
  • Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals,
  • which take place forty days before Easter,
  • usually in February.
  • These carnivals might include parades,
  • dancing in the streets day and night,
  • loud music and colourful clothing of all kinds.
  • Easter is an important religious and social festival for Christians around the world.
  • It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life.
  • Japan's Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later.
  • The country,
  • covered with cherry tree flowers,
  • looks as though it is covered with pink snow.
  • People love to get together to eat,
  • drink and have fun with each other.
  • Festivals let us enjoy life,
  • be proud of our customs and forget our work for a little while.
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