高中英语基础知识点

2021-12-23 1137人浏览

1. be fond of “喜爱,爱好” 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。

He’s fond of swimming. 

他喜欢游泳。

Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 

你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗?

He is fond of his research work. 

他喜爱他的研究工作。

2. hunt for = look for 寻找

I have found the book I was hunting for.

我找到了那本我在找的书。

hunt for a job 找工作

3. in order to/so as to:这两个词组都可引导不定式作目的状语, in order to可放于句首, so as to则不能, 其否定形式为in order not to / so as not to.

He went to Beijing in order / so as to attend an important meeting.

他去北京是为了参加一个重要会议。

In order to be noticed, he shouted and waved to us.

为了让我们注意他, 他朝我们又是叫喊又是挥手。

4. care about

1) 喜欢,对……有兴趣 = care for

She doesn’t care about money.

她不喜欢钱。

2)关心 = care for

She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people.

她只考虑自己。她不关心别人。

3)在乎,在意(接从句或不接任何成分)

These young people care nothing about what old people might say.

这些年轻人根本不在乎老人说的话。

5. such as 意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.

她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

6. drop a line 留下便条, 写封短信

7. make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.

如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。

8. stay up 不睡;熬夜

(1) I'll be late home, don't stay up for me.

我将回家很晚,不要等我了。

(2) He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

9. come about 引起;发生;产生

(1)How did the accident come about?

这场事故是怎么发生的?

(2) They didn't know how the change had come about.

他们不知道这个变化是怎样产生的。

10. except for 除……之外

(1) except 与 except for 的用法常有区别。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

①He answered all the questions except the last one.

除去最后一个,他回答了所有问题。

②We go there every day except Sunday.

除了星期天,我们天天去那里。

(2)except for 用于引述细节以修正句子的主要意思。如:

①Except for one old lady, the bus was empty.

除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

②Your picture is good except for the colours.

你的画儿很好,只是某些色彩有问题。

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